University of Limerick
Alrimawi_2023_Requirements.pdf (815.55 kB)

Requirements for designing kind spaces

Download (815.55 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 2023-11-07, 15:19 authored by Faeq AlrimawiFaeq Alrimawi, Bashar NuseibehBashar Nuseibeh

Kindness is an important quality of human behavior, and the physical spaces in which people live, work, and interact can significantly influence the experience and expression of kindness. With the growing integration of digital technology into physical spaces, designers have a unique opportunity to intentionally foster and amplify kindness while also mitigating unkindness. However, creating such spaces is a challenge that requires an understanding of the various intertwined digital, physical, psychological, and social dimensions. To gain such an understanding, it is important to identify and articulate the key requirements that reflect these dimensions and their interplay. In this paper we explore the notion of a kind space—a space intentionally designed to enable and amplify kind behavior while preventing unkind behavior. We argue that the design of kind spaces requires consideration of two essential requirements: topology, the arrangement and relationship of digital and physical spatial entities, and psycho-social factors, such as emotionality and social relatedness. We examine these requirements and their operationalization, proposing a way for designers to create kind spaces. We use a professional workspace scenario to demonstrate the application of such requirements. We suggest that the deliberate use of digital technology in creating kind spaces can positively impact individuals and communities.


Lero_Phase 2

Science Foundation Ireland

Find out more...



5th International Workshop on Affective Computing in Requirements Engineering (AffectRE)


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Other Funding information

Thanks to Science Foundation Ireland grant 13/RC/2094 P2 and UKRI/EPSRC for the financial support


© 2023 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.”

Also affiliated with

  • LERO - The Irish Software Research Centre

Sustainable development goals

  • (3) Good Health and Well-being

Usage metrics

    University of Limerick



    Ref. manager