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A metered intake of milk following exercise and thermal dehydration restores whole-body net fluid balance better than a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution or water in healthy young men

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posted on 2017-01-19, 10:21 authored by Suzanne Seery, Philip M. Jakeman
Appropriate rehydration and nutrient intake in recovery is a key component of exercise performance. This study investigated whether the recovery of body net fluid balance (NFB) following exercise and thermal dehydration to -2 % of body mass (BM) was enhanced by a metered rate of ingestion of milk (M) compared with a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution (CE) or water (W). In randomised order, seven active men (aged 262 (sd 61) years) undertook exercise and thermal dehydration to -2 % of BM on three occasions. A metered replacement volume of M, CE or W equivalent to 150 % of the BM loss was then consumed within 2-3 h. NFB was subsequently measured for 5 h from commencement of rehydration. A higher overall NFB in M than CE (P=0001) and W (P=0006) was observed, with no difference between CE and W (P=069). After 5 h, NFB in M remained positive (+117 (sd 122) ml) compared with basal, and it was greater than W (-539 (sd 390) ml, P=0011) but not CE (-381 (sd 460) ml, P=0077, d=16). Plasma osmolality (P-osm) and K remained elevated above basal in M compared with CE and W. The change in P-osm was associated with circulating pre-provasopressin (r(s) 0348, P001), a biomarker of arginine vasopressin, but could not account fully for the augmented NFB in M compared with CE and W. These data suggest that a metered approach to fluid ingestion acts in synergy with the nutrient composition of M in the restoration of NFB following exercise and thermal dehydration.

History

Publication

British Journal of Nutrition;116, pp. 1013-1021

Publisher

Cambridge University Press

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peer-reviewed

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Language

English

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