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Altered intestinal morphology and microbiota composition in the autism spectrum disorders associated SHANK3 mouse model

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posted on 2022-11-24, 16:13 authored by Ann Katrin SauerAnn Katrin Sauer, Juergen Bockmann, Konrad Steinestel, Tobias M. Boeckers, Andreas GrabruckerAndreas Grabrucker
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication, and repetitive behaviors. In addition, co-morbidities such as gastro-intestinal problems have frequently been reported. Mutations and deletion of proteins of the SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains (SHANK) gene-family were identified in patients with ASD, and Shank knock-out mouse models display autism-like phenotypes. SHANK3 proteins are not only expressed in the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we show expression in gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium and report a significantly di erent GI morphology in Shank3 knock-out (KO) mice. Further, we detected a significantly altered microbiota composition measured in feces of Shank3 KO mice that may contribute to inflammatory responses a ecting brain development. In line with this, we found higher E. coli lipopolysaccharide levels in liver samples of Shank3 KO mice, and detected an increase in Interleukin-6 and activated astrocytes in Shank3 KO mice. We conclude that apart from its well-known role in the CNS, SHANK3 plays a specific role in the GI tract that may contribute to the ASD phenotype by extracerebral mechanisms

History

Publication

International Journal of Molecular Sciences;20,pp. 2134-2149

Publisher

MDPI

Note

peer-reviewed

Language

English

Also affiliated with

  • Bernal Institute
  • Health Research Institute (HRI)

Department or School

  • Biological Sciences

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