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Artificial intelligence and classic methods to segment and characterize spherical objects in micrographs of industrial emulsions

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-15, 09:28 authored by Hanieh Khosravi, Abhijeet ThakerAbhijeet Thaker, John Donovan, VIVEK RANADEVIVEK RANADE

The stability of emulsions is a critical concern across multiple industries, including food products, agricultural formulations, petroleum, and pharmaceuticals. Achieving prolonged emulsion stability is challenging and depends on various factors, with particular emphasis on droplet size, shape, and spatial distribution. Addressing this issue necessitates an effective investigation of these parameters and finding solutions to enhance emulsion stability. Image analysis offers a powerful tool for researchers to explore these characteristics and advance our understanding of emulsion instability in different industries. In this review, we highlight the potential of state-of-the-art deep learning-based approaches in computer vision and image analysis to extract relevant features from emulsion micrographs. A comprehensive summary of classic and cutting-edge techniques employed for characterizing spherical objects, including droplets and bubbles observed in micrographs of industrial emulsions, has been provided. This review reveals significant deficiencies in the existing literature regarding the investigation of highly concentrated emulsions. Despite the practical importance of these systems, limited research has been conducted to understand their unique characteristics and stability challenges. It has also been identified that there is a scarcity of publications in multimodal analysis and a lack of a complete automated in-line emulsion characterization system. This review critically evaluates the existing challenges and presents prospective directions for future advancements in the field, aiming to address the current gaps and contribute to the scientific progression in this area.

Funding

Factory in a Box for Personalised Products based on Emulsions [FabPRO]

Science Foundation Ireland

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History

Publication

International Journal of Pharmaceutics 649, 123633

Publisher

Elsevier

Other Funding information

Atlantic Technological University Sligo, Ireland’s President’s bursary award.

Sustainable development goals

  • (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Department or School

  • Chemical Sciences
  • School of Engineering

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