University of Limerick
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Barriers and enablers to achieving clinical procedure competency-based outcomes in a national paediatric training/residency program—a multi-centered qualitative study

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posted on 2023-12-21, 10:12 authored by Waqas Ullah Khan, John Twomey, Ethel Ryan, Therese Martin, Myeda Kamal, Pak Lok Boris Cheng, CLODAGH O'GORMANCLODAGH O'GORMAN, Dara Byrne

Background In 2018, the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland revised its paediatric training program to a competency-based medical education (CBME) training/residency curriculum. This included a requirement to achieve competence in a number of core procedural skills to progress within the program. Internationally, simulation-based medical education (SBME) is gaining interest as an effective teaching pedagogy for training procedural skill competency. The objectives of this study were to (1) identify enablers and barriers for paediatric trainees to achieve their required procedural competencies, (2) gain insight on the feasibility of achieving the required procedural skills, and (3) explore what simulation-based resources are used as well as their role in achieving the required procedural skill competencies. Methods A multi-centered qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was performed. Twenty-four paediatric consultants and trainees were recruited from two academic tertiary hospitals using purposive and snowball sampling. Interviews were conducted between March and September 2021, audio recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results Three main themes regarding enablers for achieving procedural competencies were reported and include having protected training time, routine assessments, and a standardized curriculum. Barriers to achieving procedural competencies focused mainly on limited clinical exposure. The use of SBME was recommended by all participants (n=24, 100%) to assist in achieving procedural competencies and most (n=15, 62.5%) reported it is feasible to attain the required procedural skills in the paediatric CBME program. Conclusion It is feasible to achieve the required procedural competencies for most paediatric trainees, but this can be improved with protected training time, routine assessments, and a standardized curriculum. Barriers to achieving these skills mainly center on limited clinical exposure, which can be remedied by SBME. Further research is warranted to determine the costs and types of SBME tools available as well as teaching pedagogies to support paediatric trainees achieve their required procedural competencies



BMC Medical Education 23, 954



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