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Beyond the border of the athlete-centered approach: a model to understand runners' performance

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-19, 14:26 authored by Mabliny Thuany, Thayse GomesThayse Gomes, Katja Weiss, Beat Knechtle, Ramiro Rolim, Marcos André Moura dos Santos

Our purpose is to move beyond the borders of the athlete-centered approach by examining the runners' environment interplay as a key factor for performance. Based on the ecological systems theory, the micro-level (intrapersonal, interpersonal, and training characteristics), meso-level (a direct association with athletes is not observed, but the environment plays an influence on the relationships built at the micro-level), and macro-level (contextual features that influence athletic systems) were theorized and contextualized as important factors for the expression of different outcomes, including performance and participation. We also conceptualized the microtime, mesotime, and macrotime as a constraint. Through this model, we aimed to provide applications and conclusions about how this conceptual model provides advances in the scientific research field. By understanding how environmental factors influence their performance, runners can make informed decisions about where and how to train and compete. Furthermore, by recognizing the role of culture and social context in shaping runners' experiences and outcomes, we can work toward creating a more equitable and supportive running culture for all. Copyright © 2023 Thuany, Gomes, Weiss, Knechtle, Rolim and Moura dos Santos.



Frontiers in Psychology, 2023, 14, 1137023



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