University of Limerick
Furxhi_2022_Burden.pdf (1023.85 kB)

Burden of disease (BoD) assessment to estimate risk factors impact in a real nanomanufacturing scenario

Download (1023.85 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-09, 09:06 authored by Anttti Joonas Koivisto, Marko Altin, Irini FurxhiIrini Furxhi, Maxime Eliat, Sara Trabucco, Magda Blosi, Jesús Lopez de Ipiña, Franco Belosi, Anna Costa

An industrial nanocoating process air emissions impact on public health was quantified by using the burden of disease (BoD) concept. The health loss was calculated in Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), which is an absolute metric that enables comparisons of the health impacts of different causes. Here, the health loss was compared with generally accepted risk levels for air pollution. Exposure response functions were not available for Ag nanoform. The health loss for TiO2 nanoform emissions were 0.0006 DALYs per 100,000 persons per year. Moreover, the exposure risk characterization was performed by comparing the ground level air concentrations with framework values. The exposure levels were ca. 3 and 18 times lower than the derived limit values of 0.1 µg-TiO2/m3 and 0.01 µg-Ag/m3 for the general population. The accumulations of TiO2 and Ag nanoforms on the soil top layer were estimated to be up to 85 µg-TiO2/kg and 1.4 µg-Ag/kg which was considered low as compared to measured elemental TiO2 and Ag concentrations. This assessment reveals that the spray coating process air emissions are adequately controlled. This study demonstrated how the BoD concept can be applied to quantify health impacts of nanoform outdoor air emissions from an industrial site.


Anticipating Safety Issues at the Design Stage of NAno Product Development

European Commission

Find out more...



Nanomaterials 12 (22), 4089



Sustainable development goals

  • (3) Good Health and Well-being

Department or School

  • Accounting & Finance