University of Limerick
Guilfoyle_2024_Coaches.pdf (724.91 kB)

Coaches of youth field sports as delivery agents of injury prevention programmes: how are we training the trainers? A scoping review

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Objective To systematically map the coach education (CE) component of injury prevention programmes (IPPs) for youth field sports by identifying and synthesising the design, content and facilitation strategies used to address competency drivers and behaviour change. Design Scoping review. Data sources PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE, CINAHL, SportDiscus and Google Scholar electronic databases were searched using keywords related to IPPs and youth field sports. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Studies of IPPs in youth field sports, that provided ’train-the-trainer’ education to coaches as designated delivery agents. Results 20 studies from two field sports (soccer/ football; n=17, Rugby Union; n=3) fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Eleven CE interventions occurred in the preseason and 18 occurred at one time-point (single day). Five studies cited use of a behavioural change theory or model in the design of their CE, most frequently the Health Action Process Approach model (n=5); and use of behavioural change techniques varied. Twelve of twenty studies (60%) reported some form of ongoing support to coaches following the CE primary intervention concurrent with IPP implementation. Conclusion CE that occurs on 1 day (one time-point) is most popular for preparing coaches as delivery agents of IPPs in youth field sports. While recognising pragmatic barriers, more expansive in-service training, support and feedback may enhance the effective implementation of IPPs.



British Journal Sports Medicine



Other Funding information

Irish Rugby Football Union (IRFU) and the Health Research Institute in the University of Limerick.

Also affiliated with

  • Health Research Institute (HRI)
  • LERO - The Irish Software Research Centre

Sustainable development goals

  • (3) Good Health and Well-being

Department or School

  • Physical Education and Sports Science
  • School of Medicine
  • Allied Health

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