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Colloidal WSe2 nanocrystals as anodes for lithium-ion batteries

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posted on 2021-01-13, 09:44 authored by Pengshang Zhou, Gearoid A. Collins, Zeger Hens, KEVIN M. RYANKEVIN M. RYAN, HUGH GEANEYHUGH GEANEY, SHALINI SINGHSHALINI SINGH
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are increasingly of interest in the field of lithium ion batteries due to their unique structure. However, previous preparation methods have mainly focused on their growth from substrates or by exfoliation of the bulk materials. Considering colloidal synthesis has many advantages including precision control of morphology and crystal phases, there is significant scope for exploring this avenue for active material formation. Therefore, in this work, we explore the applicability of colloidal TMDs using WSe2 nanocrystals for Li ion battery anodes. By employing colloidal hotinjection protocol, we first synthesize 2D nanosheets in 2H and 1T’ crystal phases. After detailed structural and surface characterization, we investigate the performance of these nanosheets as anode materials. We find that 2H nanosheets outperformed 1T’ nanosheets exhibiting a higher specific capacity of 498 mAh g-1 with an overall capacity retention of 83.28%. Furthermore, to explore the role of morphology on battery performance 3D interconnected nanoflowers in 2H crystal phase were also investigated as an anode material. A noteworthy specific capacity of 982 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles was exhibited by these nanoflowers. The anode materials are characterized prior to cycling and after 1, 25, and 100 charge/discharge cycles, by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), to track the effects of cycling on the material.


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Nanoscale;12 (43), pp. 22307-22316


Royal Society of Chemistry



Other Funding information

SFI, IRC, Ghent University, China Scholarship Council, EI


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