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Development and validation of the social media perception scale for preservice physical education teachers

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-28, 13:13 authored by Yue XuYue Xu, Fangfei Li, Zhihua Yin, Mingzhu Sun, Zhen Guo, Bo Liu

Background: Social media has become a mainstay of preservice physical education teachers’ professional development. However, previous studies have been dominated by qualitative research, and there is still a lack of quantitative research based on samples from eastern countries. The objective of this study is to develop and validate of the Social Media Perception Scale for Preservice Physical Education teachers (SMPS-PPE).

Method: Items of questionnaire created from 70 concepts of the perception model described in our previous study. Questionnaire survey was used to collect quantitative data from a sample of 977 preservice physical education teachers through surveys. We analyzed the data using SPSS 26.0 and AMOS 24.0, conducting item analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis to examine the data.

Results: SMPS-PPE consists of 26 items grouped into three factors: value perception, risk perception, and overall perception. Our findings indicate that SMPS-PPE has acceptable content validity, internal structure validity, and internal consistency.

Conclusion: SMPS-PPE is a reliable and valid measurement to evaluate social media perception among preservice physical education teachers. Future studies should include larger and more diverse teacher samples to enhance generalizability. The SMPS-PPE should also be modified to better cater to the specific requirements of school teachers and university-based teacher educators in the field of physical education.



Frontiers in Psychology, 2023, 14


Frontiers Media

Other Funding information

This research was funded by the Later funded projects of the China National Social Science Foundation, grant number 21FTYB006; Key Projects of the China National Social Science Foundation, grant number 20ATY009; Sports and Health Project of China Education Society, grant number 2020TY093117ZB; and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, grant number of 2021M701932.

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  • (4) Quality Education

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  • Physical Education and Sports Science

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