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Dissecting sex-related cognition between Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes: from molecular mechanisms to potential therapeutic strategies

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-04-20, 10:59 authored by Ghulam Ashraf, Mahmoud Ahmed Ebada, Mohd Suhail, Ashraf Ali, Sahab Uddin, Anwar L. Bilgrami, Asma Perveen, Amjad Husain, Mohd Tarique, Abdul Hafeez, Athanasios Alexiou, Ausaf Ahmad, Rajnish Kumar, Naheed Banu, Agnieszka Najda, Amany A. Sayed, Ghadeer M. Albadrani, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim, Ilaria Peluso, George E. Barreto
The brain is a sexually dimorphic organ that implies different functions and structures depending on sex. Current pharmacological approaches against different neurological diseases act distinctly in male and female brains. In all neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), sex-related outcomes regarding pathogenesis, prevalence, and response to treatments indicate that sex differences are important for precise diagnosis and therapeutic strategy. Pathogenesis of AD includes vascular dementia, and in most cases, this is accompanied by metabolic complications with similar features as those assembled in diabetes. This review discusses how AD-associated dementia and diabetes affect cognition in relation to sex difference, as both diseases share similar pathological mechanisms. We highlight potential protective strategies to mitigate amyloid-beta (Aβ) pathogenesis, emphasizing how these drugs act in the male and female brains.

History

Publication

Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity;article 4572471

Publisher

Hindawi

Note

peer-reviewed

Other Funding information

Deanship of Scientific Research at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University

Language

English

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