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Effects of low volume, high-intensity training on performance in competitive swimmers: a systematic review

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-04-06, 15:10 authored by Frank J. Nugent, Thomas M. Comyns, Emma Burrows, Giles D. Warrington
The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the extent and quality of the current research literature in order to determine the effects of low volume, high intensity training (HIT) on physiological performance and swimming performance in competitive swimmers.The methodology followed the PRISMA-P protocol. A search of relevant databases and conference proceedings was performed until December 2015. The inclusion criteria was: a) competitive swimmers, b) ≥ 4 weeks HIT intervention, c) comparison group had to involve a higher training volume, d) outcome measures of physiological and swimming performance, e) all experimental study designs. Quality assessment was performed using the Quality Index checklist.Results indicate that of the 538 studies retrieved, 7 studies met the inclusion criteria. Six out of the 7 studies found that a HIT intervention resulted in significant improvements in physiological performance. Four of the 7 studies found that HIT resulted in significant improvements in swimming performance, whilst none of the 7 studies resulted in a reduction in physiological or swimming performance.Despite the positive findings of this review, the short study duration is a limitation to a number of the studies. The current evidence on the effects of HIT on performance is promising however it is difficult to draw accurate conclusions until further research has been conducted.

History

Publication

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research;31 (3), pp. 837-847

Publisher

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Note

peer-reviewed

Other Funding information

National Aquatic Centre Swimming Club

Rights

This is the author accepted version of an article that was published in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (3), pp., 837-847, http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001583

Language

English

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