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Efficient production of 5-ethoxymethylfurfural from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and carbohydrates over lewis/brønsted hybrid magnetic dendritic fibrous silica core-shell catalyst

journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-14, 13:49 authored by Hamid Hafizi, Gavin WalkerGavin Walker, MAURICE COLLINSMAURICE COLLINS
In the present work, a series of Brønsted and Lewis hybrid, magnetic, dendritic fibrous silica microsphere core shell particles with an open and easily accessible mesopore channels as the catalyst supports (Fe3O4@SiO2@KCC-1) were prepared, impregnated with aluminum (10 wt%) followed by encapsulation of different loadings of tungstophosphoric acid (PTA) from 10 to 40 wt% into mesoporous channels of fibrous silica shell (Fe3O4@SiO2@KCC-1/Al10/PTAx). They are utilised for the efficient and clean production of biomass-derived liquid fuel 5-ethoxymethylfurfural (EMF) through direct etherification of hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and one-pot conversion of fructose and other carbohydrates. High EMF yields of 93.1%, 62.2%, 23.9%, and 21.4% were obtained, when HMF, fructose, sorbose, and sucrose were subjected as substrate, respectively. These catalysts were characterised by XRD, py-FTIR, TGA, N2-physisorption, SEM and TEM-EDX mapping. Importantly, the catalyst could be reused at least four times almost without a significant loss of activity.



Renewable Energy;183, pp. 459-471




peer-reviewed The full text of this article will not be available in ULIR until the embargo expires on the 7/11/2023


This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Renewable Energy . Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Renewable Energy 183, pp. 459-471



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