University of Limerick
Browse
Lebedev_2023_Foam.pdf (2.91 MB)

Foam-like Ce–Fe–O-based nanocomposites as catalytic platforms for efficient hydrogen oxidation in air

Download (2.91 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-11-03, 09:43 authored by Thanh Son Cam, Shamil Omarov, Andrey Trofimuk, VASILY LEBEDEVVASILY LEBEDEV, Vitaly Panchuk, Valentin Semenov, Anh-Tien Nguyen, Vadim Popkov

Foam-like nanocomposites of the Ce–Fe–O system with two (c-CeO2, am-F2O3), three (c-CeO2, o-CeFeO3, α-F2O3), or four phases (c-CeO2, o-CeFeO3, α-F2O3, am-Fe2O3) were synthesized using the RedOx reaction of glycine-nitrate combustion. The glycine/nitrate ratio (G/N) varied from deficient (0.2, 0.4) and stoichiometric (0.6) to excess ratios of glycine (0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.4). PXRD, 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, N2-physisorption, TEM, H2-TPD, O2-TPD, and H2-TPR were used to examine the characteristics of the obtained samples. The average crystallite size of the obtained composites was in the range of 1.3–31.3 nm, 33.4–50.7 nm, and 10.1–33.9 nm for c-CeO2, o-CeFeO3, and α-Fe2O3, respectively. The lowest SBET (1.5 m2/g) belonged to the case of stoichiometric G/N, while the highest value (49.2 m2/g) was found in the case of the highest amount of glycine (G/N = 1.4); the latter case also had the largest total pore volume (Vp = 0.182 cm3/g) when compared to the others. Moreover, the advanced catalytic performance of foamy Ce–Fe–O-based nanocomposites toward H2 combustion in air was found with t10 = 275 °C, t50 = 345 °C, and Ea = 76.9 kJ/mol for sample G/N = 1.2. The higher activity of sample G/N = 1.2 in catalysis was attributed to different properties of the composite, including an appropriate component phase ratio, the smaller size of crystallites, higher specific surface area, higher reducibility,oxygen capacity, etc. The findings make it possible to carry out the directed synthesis of catalysts based on the Ce–Fe–O system with specific phases, dispersion, and morphological composition for efficient hydrogen oxidation at moderate temperatures.

History

Publication

Journal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices, 2023, 8 (3), 100596

Publisher

Elsevier

Also affiliated with

  • Bernal Institute

Sustainable development goals

  • (4) Quality Education

Usage metrics

    University of Limerick

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC