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Healthcare practitioners’ perspectives of providing palliative care to patients from culturally diverse backgrounds: a qualitative systematic review

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posted on 2023-12-08, 09:59 authored by Colette Burke, Owen DoodyOwen Doody, BARBARA LLOYD SHANAHANBARBARA LLOYD SHANAHAN

Background Palliative care practitioners are increasingly caring for patients and families from diverse cultural backgrounds. There is growing awareness of the influence of culture on many aspects of care in the palliative phase of an illness. However, disparities have been noted in the provision of palliative care to patients from culturally diverse backgrounds and challenges have been reported in meeting their needs and those of their families. Method A qualitative systematic review of research papers identified through searching four databases. Papers were screened against inclusion criteria within the timeframe of January 2012 to March 2022. Data was extraction from all included studies and methodological quality assessed utilising the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme Tool. Thematic analysis followed Braun and Clarke’s framework and the review is reported in line with PRISMA guidelines. Findings The search yielded 1954 results of which 26 were included for appraisal and review. Four themes were identified: communication and connection, the role of the family in death and dying, the role of education in addressing uncertainty, and institutional and societal factors. The fndings highlighted challenges of communication and a fear of acting in a culturally insensitive way, the pivotal role of the family, the need for an individualised approach to care, the universality of needs when approaching end of life and the need for education of practitioners. Conclusion These fndings suggest that healthcare practitioners draw on their existing skills to adapt their practice to meet the needs of patients from culturally diverse backgrounds. However, results also indicate a need for further education and identifcation of educational approaches best suited to supporting healthcare professionals in practice

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Publication

BMC Palliative Care 22, 182

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BMC

Sustainable development goals

  • (3) Good Health and Well-being
  • (15) Life On Land

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  • Nursing and Midwifery

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