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Horizontal diversity in test generation for high fault coverage

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-01-14, 09:35 authored by Arbab Alamgir, Abu Khari Bin A'ain, Norlina Paraman, Usman Ullah Sheikh, IAN GROUTIAN GROUT
Determination of the most appropriate test set is critical for high fault coverage in testing of digital integrated circuits. Among black-box approaches, random testing is popular due to its simplicity and cost effectiveness. An extension to random testing is antirandom that improves fault detection by maximizing the distance of every subsequent test pattern from the set of previously applied test patterns. Antirandom testing uses total Hamming distance and total cartesian distance as distance metrics to maximize diversity in the testing sequence. However, the algorithm for the antirandom test set generation has two major issues. Firstly, there is no selection criteria defined when more than one test pattern candidates have the same maximum total Hamming distance and total cartesian distance. Secondly, determination of total Hamming distance and total Cartesian distance is computational intensive as it is a summation of individual Hamming distances and cartesian distances with all the previously selected test patterns. In this paper, two-dimensional Hamming distance is proposed to address the first issue. A novel concept of horizontal Hamming distance is introduced, which acts as a third criterion for test pattern selection. Fault simulations on ISCAS’85 and ISCAS’89 benchmark circuits have shown that employing horizontal Hamming distance improves the effectiveness of pure antirandom in terms of fault coverage. Additionally, an alternative method for total Hamming distance calculations is proposed to reduce the computational intensity. The proposed method avoids summation of individual Hamming distances by keeping track of number of 0s and 1s applied at each inputs. As a result, up to 90% of the computations are reduced.

History

Publication

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences;26, pp. 3258-3273

Publisher

Bülent Ecevit University

Note

peer-reviewed

Language

English

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