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Kinetic and kinematic analysis for assessing the differences in counter-movement jump in rugby players

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posted on 2016-08-29, 15:05 authored by Pablo Floría, Luis A Gómez-Landero, L Suárez-Arrones, Andrew J. Harrison
The aim of this study was to ascertain the differences in kinetic and kinematic profiles between better and poorer performers of the vertical jump within a homogeneous group of trained adults. Fifty rugby players were divided into low scoring (LOW) and high scoring (HIGH) groups based on their performance in the vertical jump. The force, velocity, displacement, and rate of force development (RFD)-time curves were analyzed to determine the differences between groups. The analysis of the data showed differences in all the patterns of the ensemble mean curves of the HIGH and LOW groups. During the eccentric phase, the differences in the HIGH group with respect to the LOW group were lower crouch position, higher downward velocity, and higher force and RFD during the braking of the downward movement. During the concentric phase, the HIGH group achieved higher upward velocity, higher force at the end of phase, and a higher position at takeoff. The higher jump performances seem to be related to a more effective stretch-shortening cycle function that is characterized by a deeper and faster countermovement with higher eccentric forces being applied to decelerate the downward movement leading to enhanced force generation during the concentric phase.

History

Publication

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research;30 (9), pp. 2533-9

Publisher

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Note

peer-reviewed

Rights

Copyright © 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.

Language

English

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