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Paediatric robotic surgery: a narrative review

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-21, 10:39 authored by Lukas Padraig O’Brien, Enda Hannan, Colin Peirce

The benefts of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) compared with traditional open surgery, including reduced postoperative pain and a reduced length of stay, are well recognised. A signifcant barrier for MIS in paediatric populations has been the technical challenge posed by laparoscopic surgery in small working spaces, where rigid instruments and restrictive working angles act as barriers to safe dissection. Thus, open surgery remains commonplace in paediatrics, particularly for complex major surgery and for surgical oncology. Robotic surgical platforms have been designed to overcome the limitations of laparoscopic surgery by ofering a stable 3-dimensional view, improved ergonomics and greater range of motion. Such advantages may be particularly benefcial in paediatric surgery by empowering the surgeon to perform MIS in the smaller working spaces found in children, particularly in cases that may demand intracorporeal suturing and anastomosis. However, some reservations have been raised regarding the utilisation of robotic platforms in children, including elevated cost, an increased operative time and a lack of dedicated paediatric equipment. This article aims to review the current role of robotics within the feld of paediatric surgery.



Journal of Robotic Surgery



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