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Physicochemical, nutritional and in vitro antidiabetic characterisation of blue whiting (micromesistius poutassou) protein hydrolysates

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posted on 2021-07-09, 11:16 authored by Pádraigín A. Harnedy-Rothwell, Neda Khatib, Shaun J. Sharkey, Ryan A Lafferty, Snehal Gite, Jason Whooley, Finbarr P.M. O'Harte, Richard J. Fitzgerald
Protein hydrolysates from low-value underutilised fish species are potential sources of high quality dietary protein and health enhancing peptides. Six blue whiting soluble protein hydrolysates (BW-SPH-A_F), generated at industrial scale using different hydrolysis conditions, were assessed in terms of their protein equivalent content, amino acid profile and score and physicochemical properties in addition to their ability to inhibit dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) and stimulate the secretion of insulin from BRIN-BD11 cells. Furthermore, the effect of simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGID) on the stability of the BW-SPHs and their associated in vitro antidiabetic activity was investigated. The BW-SPHs contained between 70–74% (w/w) protein and all essential and non essential amino acids. All BW-SPHs mediated DPP-IV inhibitory (IC50: 2.12–2.90 mg protein/mL) and insulin secretory activity (2.5 mg/mL; 4.7 to 6.4-fold increase compared to the basal control (5.6 mM glucose alone)). All BW-SPHs were further hydrolysed during SGID. While the in vitro DPP-IV inhibitory and insulin secretory activity mediated by some BW-SPHs was reduced following SGID, the activity remained high. In general, the insulin secretory activity of the BW-SPHs were 4.5–5.4-fold higher than the basal control following SGID. The BW-SPHs generated herein provide potential for anti-diabetic related functional ingredients, whilst also enhancing environmental and commercial sustainability.

History

Publication

Marine Drugs;19, 383

Publisher

MDPI

Note

peer-reviewed

Other Funding information

Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, BIM, Northern Ireland Department of Education and Learning

Language

English

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