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Polarization insensitive all-dielectric metasurfaces for the ultraviolet domain

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posted on 2020-04-02, 10:36 authored by Hammad Ahmed, Arbab Abdur Rahim, Husnul Maab, Muhammad Mahmood Ali, Sadia Naureen
In recent years, metasurfaces have provided a tempting path to replace conventional optical components where an abrupt phase change is imposed on an incident wave using a periodic array of unit cells. Till date, highly efficient dielectric metasurfaces have been demonstrated in infrared and visible domains. However, due to the lower bandgap of typical dielectric materials, such metasurfaces present strong absorption in the ultraviolet (UV) domain, and thus, hamper their realization at shorter wavelengths. In this paper, we utilize a large bandgap dielectric material, niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5), to construct an ultra-thin and compact transmission-type metasurface that manipulates the phase of an incident wave using an array of Nb2O5 nano-cylinder. By the virtue of numerical optimization, complete 2 phase coverage along with the high transmission efficiency (around 88.5%) is achieved at 355nm. Such efficient control over the phase of the incident wave enabled us to realize the polarisation insensitive self-accelerating parabolic, reciprocal, and logarithmic Airy beams (ABs) generating metasurfaces with the efficiency of 70%, 72% and 77%, respectively. In addition to this, we also demonstrate auto focusing Airy optical vortex (AFAOV) generators where the metasurfaces are designed to combine the phase profiles of an abruptly focusing Airy (AFA) beam and that of spiral phase plate (SPP). The AFAOV is generated with efficiency of 70% (for l = 3) and 72% (for l = 5).

History

Publication

Optical materials Express;10 (4), 1083

Publisher

Optical Society of America

Note

peer-reviewed

Language

English

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