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Prevalence and predictors of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases among women aged 15–49years across urban and rural India: findings from a nationwide survey

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posted on 2024-02-06, 08:30 authored by Shyambhavee Behera, Rahul SharmaRahul Sharma, Kartikey Yadav, Pragti Chhabra, Milan Das, Sonu GoelSonu Goel

Background Women’s health is usually looked upon in terms of their reproductive health. However, cardio-vascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death and disability among women, globally as well as in India. Risk factors of today can be disease of tomorrow. Gradience in level of epidemiological transition is observed across different states. The study aims to estimate the national and regional prevalence, and sociodemographic determinants of biological and behavioural risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Materials and methods The present study was conducted among women in the age group of 15 to 49 years using nationally representative sample from fifth round National Family Health Survey in India. The data analysis in the current study included 7,24,115 women in the age group of 15 to 49 years. SPSS version 20 was used for the purpose of analysis. Weighted prevalence was computed for the studied behavioral and biological (dependent variable) risk factors using women specifc weights as provided in the dataset. Binary logistic regression model was employed to calculate the adjusted odds ratio (OR) with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) to study the sociodemographic determinants (independent variables) of these risk factors. Results Highest prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases was reported to be central obesity (78.2%), followed by overweight/obesity (23.9%), oral contraceptive use (13.4%), raised blood pressure (11.8%), raised blood sugar (8.6%), tobacco use (4.0%), and alcohol use (0.7%). Higher odds of all the studied risk factors were reported with increasing age. All of the studied risk factors, except for alcohol consumption [OR (95%CI): 0.9 (0.8–0.96)], had higher odds in rural areas compared to urban areas. Compared to other castes, the odds of tobacco [OR (95% CI): 2.01 (1.91–2.08)] and alcohol consumption [OR (95% CI): 5.76 (5.12–6.28)], and raised blood pressure [OR (95% CI): 1.07(1.04–1.11)] was signifcantly higher among the people belonging to schedule tribe. Conclusion and recommendation The present study highlights the state-wise disparities in the burden and pre?dictors of risk factors for cardio-vascular diseases among women of reproductive age. The study provides insights to these disparities, and focuses on the need of tailoring the disease prevention and control measures suiting to the local needs.



BMC Women’s Health 24, 77



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