Protective effects of curcumin against traumatic brain injury
Neuroinflammation is a key pathophysiological mechanism implicated in the neurodegenerative condition. One such condition implicating neuroinflammation is traumatic brain injury (TBI). Over the past decades, various alternative natural compounds, such as curcumin, have been investigated as novel therapeutic options to miti?gate the pathophysiological pathways and clinical sequelae involved in TBI. As the main component of turmeric (Curcuma longa), curcumin has a broad range of clinical properties due to its considerable antioxidative and anti?inflammatory actions. This review discusses the pleiotropic mechanisms, the side effects, curcumin’s delivery to the central nervous system (CNS), and its immunomodulatory and protective effects on TBI. Clinical trials, in vivo, and in vitro studies were extracted from different scientific databases, including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar, to assess the effects of curcumin or its derivatives in TBI. Findings reveal that curcumin exhibited some protective effects on TBI via modulation of cell signaling pathways including toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and Nod-like receptor family proteins (NLRPs). Moreover, curcumin upregulates the brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor/Tropomyosin receptor kinase B (BDNF/TrkB) signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which have crucial functions in modulation of TBI pathophysiological-mediated pathways. Curcumin displays beneficial immunomodulatory functions and protective capacities in different TBI models, although more clinical experiments are required to clarify curcumin’s precise mechanisms and function in TBI.
PublicationBiomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 154,113621
Department or School
- Biological Sciences