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Structural synergy of NanoAl2O3/NanoAl composites with high thermomechanical properties and ductility

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-19, 14:40 authored by Magzhan K. Kutzhanov, Andrei T. Matveev, Andrey BezrukovAndrey Bezrukov, Igor V. Shchetinin, Anton S. Konopatsky, Dmitry V. Shtansky

Achieving a combination of high strength and ductility in metal-based composites is still a difficult task, and it is especially challenging in a wide temperature range. Here, nanoAl2O3/nanoAl composites with high tensile and compressive strength and excellent ductility at 25 and 500 °C were obtained using Al and Al2O3 nanopowders via a combination of high-energy ball milling (HEBM) and spark plasma sintering (SPS). Being about three times lighter than conventional high-strength steel (with a density of 2.7 g/cm3 vs. that of 7.8 g/cm3 for steel), the nanoAl2O3/nanoAl materials demonstrated tensile strength and elongation before failure comparable with those of steel. The nanoAl2O3/nanoAl composites were strengthened with two types of Al2O3 NPs, in situ formed, and introduced into the powder mixture. The resulting materials had a bimodal microstructure consisting of Al with micron and submicron grains surrounded by an Al/Al2O3 framework whose structural components were all in the size range of 20–50 nm. Among the studied compositions (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, and 20 wt.% of Al2O3), the Al-3%Al2O3 material showed the best thermomechanical properties, such as a tensile strength of 512 MPa and 280 MPa and a compressive strength of 489 MPa and 344 MPa at 25 and 500 °C, respectively, with an elongation to failure of 15–18%. These results show the promise of nanoAl2O3/nanoAl composites for use as small items in the automotive and aviation industries.

History

Publication

Metals, 2023, 13, (10) 1696

Publisher

MDPI

Other Funding information

This research was funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation (FSME-2023-0004)

Also affiliated with

  • Bernal Institute

Sustainable development goals

  • (4) Quality Education

Department or School

  • School of Engineering

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