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Targeting the platelet-activating factor receptor (PAF-R): antithrombotic and anti-atherosclerotic nutrients

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Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a lipid mediator that interacts with its receptor (PAF-R) to carry out cell signalling. However, under certain conditions the binding of PAF to PAF-R leads to the activation of pro-inflammatory and prothrombotic pathways that have been implicated in the onset and development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and inflammatory diseases. Over the past four decades, research has focused on the identification and development of PAF-R antagonists that target these inflammatory diseases. Research has also shown that dietary factors such as polar lipids, polyphenols, and other nutrient constituents may affect PAF metabolism and PAF-R function through various mechanisms. In this review we focus on the inhibition of PAF-R and how this may contribute to reducing cardiovascular disease risk. We conclude that further development of PAF-R inhibitors and human studies are required to investigate how modulation of the PAF-R may prevent the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and may lead to the development of novel therapeutics.


History

Publication

Nutrients., 2022; 14(20):4414

Publisher

MDPI

Other Funding information

The financial support from Enterprise Ireland (IP20210972) is acknowledged

Also affiliated with

  • Bernal Institute
  • Health Research Institute (HRI)

Department or School

  • Biological Sciences

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