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Thermodynamics of the enantiotropic pharmaceutical compound benzocaine and solubility in pure organic solvents

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-12-02, 15:34 authored by Dominic Cheuk, Michael Svärd, AKE RASMUSONAKE RASMUSON
The thermodynamic relationship between FI and FII of ethyl 4-aminobenzoate (benzocaine) has been investigated. Slurry conversion experiments show that the transition temperature below which FI is stable is located between 302 K–303 K (29 °C–30 °C). The polymorphs FI and FII have been characterised by infrared spectroscopy (IR), Raman spectroscopy, transmission powder X-ray diffraction (XRPD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The isobaric solid state heat capacities have been measured by DSC. The quantitative thermodynamic stability relationship has been determined in a comprehensive thermodynamic analysis of the calorimetric data. The solubility of both polymorphs has been determined in eight pure organic solvents over the temperature range 278 K–323 K by a gravimetric method. The mole fraction solubility of benzocaine decreases in the order: 1,4-dioxane, acetone, ethyl acetate, chloroform, acetonitrile, methanol, n-butanol and toluene. Comparison with the determined activity of solid benzocaine forms shows that negative deviation from Raoult's law ideality is found in dioxane, acetone and ethyl acetate solutions, and positive deviation in solutions of the other investigated solvents.



Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences;109,pp. 3370-3377





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Swedish Research Council, SFI, European Union (EU)



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