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Typologies of joint family activities and associations with mental health and wellbeing among adolescents from four countries

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posted on 2023-04-17, 13:57 authored by Kate Parker, Britt Hallingberg, Charli Eriksson, KWOK NGKWOK NG, Zdenek Hamrik, Jaroslava Kopcakova, Eva Movsesyan, Marina Melkumova, Shynar Abdrakhmanova, Petr Badura

Purpose

This study aims to identify distinct typologies of joint family activities and the associations with mental health and wellbeing among adolescents across four countries from the World Health Organization European region.

Methods

The 2017/2018 data from adolescents from Armenia (n = 3,977, Mage = 13.5 ± 1.6 years, 53.4% female), Czechia (n = 10,656, Mage = 13.4 ± 1.7, 50.1% female), Russia (n = 4,096, Mage = 13.8 ± 1.7, 52.4% female), and Slovakia (n = 3,282, Mage = 13.4 ± 1.5, 51.0% female) were collected in schools. The respondents self-reported their participation in joint family leisure-time activities, life satisfaction, psychological and somatic complaints, as well as a range of demographic and family situational factors. Stratified by countries, latent class analysis identified typologies of joint family activities, and logistic regression models explored cross-sectional associations with life satisfaction, and psychological and somatic complaints.

Results

Three typologies were identified across each of the four countries, distinguished by low, moderate, and high levels of family engagement. Adolescents with higher family engagement generally reported greater life satisfaction and fewer psychological complaints compared to those with lower family engagement. Russian adolescents in the high family engagement typology reported fewer somatic complaints compared to those with low family engagement. In addition, adolescents from Czechia and Russia showing moderate family engagement also reported fewer psychological complaints compared to those in the low family engagement typology.

Discussion

Our findings from four countries suggest that adolescents with high family engagement have greater life satisfaction and fewer psychological complaints, pointing toward a need for interventions to support family engagement among adolescents. Further research is needed to fully explore underlying mechanisms.






History

Publication

Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp. 55-62

Publisher

Elsevier

Other Funding information

This work was supported by the Czech Science Foundation (reg. no. 20-25019S) and The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Inter-Excellence, LTT18020).

Department or School

  • Physical Education and Sports Science

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