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‘Down to the person, the individual patient themselves’:a qualitative study of treatment decision‐making for shoulder pain

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posted on 2022-03-23, 14:26 authored by Christina Maxwell, Karen McCreesh, Jon Salsberg, Katie Robinson
Introduction: Many inconsistencies have been identified in the translation of evidence‐based treatment recommendations for musculoskeletal shoulder pain into healthcare services, with little known about factors influencing decision‐making. The objective of this study was to explore the views and experiences of healthcare providers (HCPs) and people living with shoulder pain on treatment decision‐making. Methods: Adopting a qualitative design, purposeful sampling was employed to recruit 13 individuals with nonspecific musculoskeletal shoulder pain and 30 HCPs. Data were collected through 1:1 semi‐structured interviews and analysed using an approach informed by Constructivist Grounded Theory. To facilitate analysis, two patient and public involvement (PPI) meetings were conducted. Results: Most participants (69%) had shoulder pain of ≥1‐year duration. Bio mechanical beliefs about shoulder pain predominated and were heavily influential in decision‐making for both patients and HCPs. Despite a consensus that therapeutic alliance facilitated decision‐making, the extent of collaboration between HCPs and patients in treatment decision‐making was rather limited. In addition to condition‐ specific factors, Individual patient characteristics and resources also influenced treatment decisions. Conclusion: Findings revealed the complexity of the decision‐making process for both patients and HCPs, exposing substantial gaps between the reported views and experiences of participants and the principles of client‐centred and evidence‐based practice. There is a pressing need to enhance the translation of evidence‐based knowledge into practice in this clinical area. Patient or Public Contribution: In line with a consultative approach to collaborative data analysis, a subgroup of participants attended two PPI meetings to provide commentary and feedback on preliminary findings.

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Publication

Health Expectations;

Publisher

Wiley and Sons Ltd

Note

peer-reviewed

Other Funding information

IRC

Language

English

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