Meade_2021_Multiscale.pdf (9.73 MB)
A multiscale experimentally-based finite element model to predict microstructure and damage evolution in martensitic steels
journal contributionposted on 2022-08-18, 10:13 authored by Edward D. Meade, Fengwei Sun, PETER TIERNANPETER TIERNAN, Noel O'DowdNoel O'Dowd
The objective of this work is to investigate the plastic deformation and associated microstructural evolution and damage in a martensitic steel at multiple length scales, using a combination of finite-element (FE) modelling and experimental measurements. A multiscale model is developed to predict damage evolution in the necked region of a uniaxial tensile test specimen. At the macroscale, a von Mises plasticity FE model in conjunction with a Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman damage model is used to predict the global deformation and damage evolution. A physically based crystal plasticity model, incorporating a damage variable is used to investigate the microscale plastic deformation behaviour and the changes in crystal orientation under large strains. The model predicts that slip bands form at the onset of plastic deformation and rotate to become almost parallel to the loading direction at large strain. In the necked region, the initially randomly orientated microstructure develops texture, brought about by inelastic deformation and lattice rotation towards the stable  orientation. The predicted crystal orientations and missorientation distribution are in good agreement with measurements obtained through electron backscatter diffraction in the centre of the necked region of the tensile test specimens. The experimental and modelling techniques developed in this work can be used to provide information on the evolution of plastic deformation and damage as well as the orientation-dependent crack initiation and microstructural evolution during large deformation of engineering materials.
EASTERN ATLANTIC CONTINENTAL MARGIN
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