University of Limerick
McCabe_2023_Awareness.pdf (2.33 MB)

Awareness through relationships in individuals undergoing rehabilitation following acquired brain injury

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-11-02, 11:43 authored by Corinne MccabeCorinne Mccabe, Andrea Sica, Dónal FortuneDónal Fortune

Aim: This cross-sectional study investigated the association between self-awareness and quality of therapeutic relationships following acquired brain injury (ABI) while controlling for the potential impact of cognitive problems. It also aimed to investigate attachment as a potential moderator. Method: 83 adults with ABI were recruited alongside a key member of their community neurorehabilitation team. The Scale to Assess Therapeutic Relationships (STAR) was used to measure therapeutic relationship quality and attachment was measured using the Experiences in Close Relationships – Relationship Structure (ECR-RS) questionnaire. Awareness was measured using the Patient Competency Rating Scale (PCRS) and the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) provided a measure of cognitive problems. The MPAI-4 also provided an additional measure of awareness. Results: A significant association between self-awareness and therapeutic relationships was found in some regression models such that higher-quality relationships were associated with better awareness, after controlling for the impact of cognitive problems. Neither childhood parental attachment nor participants’ attachment towards their rehabilitation staff were moderators. Conclusion: The observed associations between awareness in clients and therapeutic relationships with rehabilitation staff may have importance for rehabilitation in this context. Results highlight the value of continuing to prioritize the therapeutic relational environment in ABI rehabilitation and research.



Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 2023


Taylor and Francis

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  • Health Research Institute (HRI)

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  • Psychology

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