University of Limerick
Magner_2020_Benezene.pdf (1.26 MB)

Benzene diazonium sulfonate modified nanoporous gold electrodes for the direct detection of Cu2+

Download (1.26 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-04, 10:55 authored by Till Siepenkötter, Hélène Mastin, Urszula Salaj-Kośla, EDMOND MAGNEREDMOND MAGNER
The detection of Cu2+ on surface modified nanoporous gold in aqueous solution is reported. Nanoporous gold electrodes were prepared with a wide range of pore sizes by dealloying of sputtered gold-silver alloys in concentrated nitric acid. Varying the pore sizes can significantly improve the electroactive surface area of the electrodes as well as protect the surface from biofouling materials, both necessary for the direct detection of trace metals in untreated samples. Two surface modifications i.e. a self-assembled monolayer of 3-mercapto-1-propanesulfonate and electro-grafted benzene diazonium sulfonate were evaluated. Underpotential deposition of Cu2+ and subsequent stripping of the deposited copper was achieved utilizing square wave voltammetry. The sensor was capable of accurately measuring Cu2+ concentrations in a range of water sample (tap, rain and river water) without the necessity of prior pre-treatment of the samples. The sensor had a linear range of 0.2 to 25 µM, which encompasses the accepted maximum limit for the concentration of copper in drinking water (20.5 µM). The sensitivity was 8.18 µA cm-2 µM-1 with a limit of detection of 18.9 nM (~1.2 ppb). The response of the sensor in artificial human serum was unaffected by the sample matrix, demonstrating the ability of the system to resist fouling by serum


Study on Aerodynamic Characteristics Control of Slender Body Using Active Flow Control Technique

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Find out more...



ChemElectroChem;7 (22), pp. 4625-4632


Wiley and Sons Ltd



Other Funding information

European Union (EU), ERC


This is the peer reviewed author version of the following article: Benzene diazonium sulfonate modified nanoporous gold electrodes for the direct detection of Cu2+, ChemElectroChem, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 22, pp. 4625-4632, which has been published in final form at . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.



Also affiliated with

  • Bernal Institute

Department or School

  • Chemical Sciences

Usage metrics

    University of Limerick


    No categories selected


    Ref. manager