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Developing the theoretical model of chinese physical education teachers' health communication competence: based on grounded theory

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-12, 11:48 authored by Lilin Chen, Yue XuYue Xu, Fangfei Li, Mingzhu Sun, Zhihua Yin, Zhen Guo, Bo LiuBo Liu

Background: Physical education teachers’ health communication competence is a key factor in health promotion. Although health communication is a multidisciplinary field, medical practitioners are the primary focus of health communication research, whereas physical education teachers are marginalized. Therefore, this study proposes a theoretical model of health communication competence for physical education teachers. Methods: This qualitative research utilized interviews as the primary data collection method. Purposeful sampling was employed to select participants, including university teachers, primary and secondary school teachers, and health education professionals from diverse regions of China. A total of 31 participants were interviewed through two focus groups (N = 15) and individual semi-structured interviews (N = 16). Grounded theory was used to analyze and code the collected interview materials. Results: The health communication competence of physical education teachers consisted of three main categories, 10 subcategories, 30 concepts, and 240 statement labels. The three main categories were as follows: (i) foundations of health communication knowledge and skills (this category encompassed three subcategories, namely sport and health knowledge reserve, health beliefs, and health behaviors); (ii) health communication perception competence (this category included two subcategories, namely health risk and crisis perception competence and communication audience perception competence); and (iii) practical competence of health communication (this category consisted of five subcategories, namely language expression competence, organizational and design competence, utilization of new media tools competence, communication content selection and processing competence, and professional skills). Conclusion: The theoretical model of health communication competence in this study provides a foundation for the involvement of physical education teachers in health communication work. It can serve as a reference for the development of both pre-service health education courses and in-service training systems for physical education teachers. Future research can expand the sample size and geographic coverage to further validate the applicability of the findings. Additionally, investigating the factors influencing the formation of the identified competencies is recommended



Frontiers in Public Health 11, 1233738



Other Funding information

China National Social Science Foundation, grant number 23FTYA004; Key Projects of the China National Social Science Foundation, grant number 20ATY009; Open Projects of Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention of Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, grant number 40500-23204-542500/006/012

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  • (3) Good Health and Well-being

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  • Physical Education and Sports Science

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