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Device-based physical activity levels among Finish adolescents with functional limitations

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-10-03, 08:16 authored by Kwok W. Ng, Pauli Rintala, Pauliina Husu, Jari Villberg, Tommi Vasankari, Sami Kokko
Background: Monitoring physical activity among young adolescents with disabilities is a top academic priority. People with disabilities are a diverse group with various abilities in different human functioning. Therefore, we used a novel approach through functional limitations as a marker for disabilities and examined physical activity levels. Objective: To investigate the levels and differences in light (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) intensity physical activity between young adolescents with and without functional limitations. Methods: The study included young adolescents (n ¼ 1436) aged 11e15 years olds who attended general schools that were part of the 2016 Finnish School-aged Physical Activity (FSPA) study. PA levels were measured by hip-worn accelerometers during seven consecutive days. The data were disaggregated by the following functions related to; seeing, hearing, speaking, moving, breathing, and remembering or concentrating. Multiple general linear regression models were run to test the differences in amount of time of LPA and MVPA. Results: One in six young adolescents had disabilities. Young adolescents with functional limitations had 7 min.day 1 less LPA (p ¼ 0.021) and 8 min.day 1 less MVPA (p ¼ 0.011) than their peers without functional limitations. After controlling for gender, age, and device wear time, the differences in LPA among young adolescents with and without functional limitations were the same, however MVPA was no longer significantly less. Results varied according to different functional limitations. Conclusions: There were significant variations in physical activity behaviours by functional limitations and activity intensity. As such, tailored approaches to physical activity promotion may be dependent on understanding functional limitations as an indicator to disabilities.

History

Publication

Disability and Health Journal; 12 (1), pp. 114-120

Publisher

Elsevier

Note

peer-reviewed

Rights

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Disability and Health Journal. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Disability and Health Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2018.08.011

Language

English

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