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Effects of combined wrist flexion/extension and forearm rotation and two levels of relative force on discomfort

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posted on 2017-04-12, 13:39 authored by Abid Ali Khan, Leonard O'SullivanLeonard O'Sullivan
This study investigated perceived discomfort in an isometric wrist flexion task. Independent variables were wrist flexion/extension (55%, 35% flexion, neutral, 35% and 55% extension ranges of motion (ROM)), forearm rotation (60%, 30% prone, neutral, 30% and 60% supine ROM) and two levels of flexion force (10% and 20% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC)). Discomfort was significantly affected by flexion force, forearm rotation and a two-way interaction of force with forearm rotation (each p˂ 5 0.05). High force for 60%ROM forearm pronation and supination resulted in increasingly higher discomfort for these combinations. Flexion forces were set relative to the MVC in each wrist posture and this appears to be important in explaining a lack of significant effect (p = 0.34) for flexion/extension on discomfort. Regression equations predicting discomfort were developed and used to generate iso-discomfort contours, which indicate regions where the risk of injury should be low and others where it is likely to be high. Regression equations predicting discomfort and iso-discomfort contours are presented, which indicate combinations of upper limb postures for which discomfort is predicted to be low, and others where it is likely to be high. These are helpful in the study of limits for risk factors associated with upper limb musculoskeletal injury in industry.

History

Publication

Ergonomics;52 (10), pp. 1265-1275

Publisher

Taylor and Francis

Note

peer-reviewed

Other Funding information

European Union (EU)

Rights

This is an Author's Manuscript of an article whose final and definitive form, the Version of Record, has been published in Ergonomics 2009 copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140130903040208

Language

English

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