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Effects of fatty acid esters on mechanical, thermal, microbial, and moisture barrier properties of carboxymethyl cellulose-based edible films

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-14, 07:45 authored by Sohini Mukherjee, Avery Sengupta, Subham Preetam, Tanmoy Das, Tanima Bhattacharya, Nanasaheb ThoratNanasaheb Thorat

Fatty acid esters being biodegradable and environment friendly has been a sought-after class of molecule for various food grade applications. This work involves the incorporation of fatty acid esters namely cetyl-caprylate and cetyl-caprate in edible Carboxymethyl cellulose -based films. The esters were enzymatically synthesized by esterification of caprylic acid and capric acid respectively with cetyl alcohol at a molar ratio of 1:1, using Candida antarctica lipase B which was immobilized (10 % w/w) at 65 ◦C. Carboxymethyl cellulose films were prepared. To it, glycerol and by emulsification, cetyl-caprylate or cetyl-caprate esters were amalgamated. Film charac?terizations involved analysis of surface morphology, mechanical properties, and thermal properties. It was further characterized by X-Ray diffraction analysis, water vapor permeability, and moisture uptake. Barrier property carboxymethyl cellulose films showed significant improvement due to the incorporation of cetylcaprylate or cetyl-caprate esters. However, when the film’s melting point was measured, it was seen that glycerol influenced the thermal properties more prominently than cetyl-caprylate and cetyl-caprate esters. Thus, the addition of an optimized amount of glycerol and cetyl-caprylate or cetyl-caprate esters to the carboxymethyl cellulose films is required for improved mechanical strength and better thermal properties. Further, an antimicrobial well diffusion assay of both the esters established the antimicrobial property of the same, which thereby recommends the addition of the wax esters even more.


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Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications 7, 100505



Other Funding information

Irish Research Council (SFI-IRC) pathway programme

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  • Physics

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