University of Limerick
Mirzapour-Kouhdasht_2024_Formulation.pdf (678.49 kB)

Formulation of inks for 3D printing of microalgae-based meat analogues and the role of modified starch: a review

Download (678.49 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-09, 14:18 authored by Armin Mirzapour KouhdashtArmin Mirzapour Kouhdasht, Paniz Biparva, David Julian McClements, Farhad Garavand, Marco Garcia-Vaquero

The quest for sustainable alternatives to traditional meat products has led to increased interest in plant-based meat analogues. Microalgae, with their high protein content and eco-friendly cultivation methods, present a promising option for the development of such analogues. However, integrating microalgae into meat analogues poses challenges related to achieving desired texture, flavour, and colour. This review explores the potential of modified starch (MS) as a solution to enhance the quality of microalgae-based meat analogues produced via 3D printing. Key findings from the manuscript indicate that MSs can improve the viscosity, elasticity, and printability of microalgae-based edible inks. Furthermore, they play a crucial role in reducing off-flavours and off-colours in the final product. By optimising the type and concentration of MSs used, microalgae-based meat analogues can be tailored to meet consumer preferences while addressing environmental concerns. Overall, the utilisation of MSs represents a practical approach to overcoming manufacturing challenges associated with microalgal-based meat analogues, paving the way for the development of sustainable and nutritious plant-based meat products through innovative and ecologically friendly food technologies.


ERA-NET Biomarkers for Nutrition and Health implementing the JPI HDHL objectives

European Commission

Find out more...



International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2024


Wiley and Sons Ltd

Other Funding information

Armin Mirzapour-Kouhdasht works within the project AMBROSIA funded by the Department of Agriculture Food and the Marine (DAFM) under the umbrella of the European Joint Programming Initiative “A Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life” (JPI-HDHL) and of the ERA-NET Cofund ERA HDHL (GA No 696295 of the EU Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme). Open access funding provided by IReL.

Also affiliated with

  • Bernal Institute
  • Synthesis and Solid State Pharmaceutical Centre

Sustainable development goals

  • (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Department or School

  • Chemical Sciences

Usage metrics

    University of Limerick


    Ref. manager