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Impact of different light conditions on the nitrogen, protein, colour, total phenolic content and amino acid profiles of cultured palmaria palmata

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-11-21, 08:39 authored by Anthony Temitope Idowu, Miryam Amigo BenaventMiryam Amigo Benavent, Susan Whelan, Maeve D. Edwards, RICHARD FITZGERALDRICHARD FITZGERALD

The impact of different light conditions during culture on the nitrogen, protein, colour, total phenolic content (TPC) and amino acid profile of Palmaria palmata biomass was investigated. P. palmata was cultured using different light regimes, i.e., white (1 and 2), red, blue and green over 12 days. A significant decrease (p < 0.05) in total nitrogen (TN), non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and protein nitrogen (PN) was observed on day 6 while an increase was observed on day 12 in P. palmata samples cultured under blue light. The protein content (nitrogen conversion factor of 4.7) of the initial sample on day 0 was 15.0% (w/w) dw whereas a maximum protein content of 16.7% (w/w) was obtained during exposure to blue light following 12 days culture, corresponding to an 11.2% increase in protein content. Electrophoretic along with amino acid profile and score analyses showed light-related changes in protein composition. The lighting regime used during culture also influenced the colour parameters (lightness L*, redness a*, yellowness b* and colour difference ∆E) of milled algal biomass along with the TPC. Judicious selection of lighting regime during culture may allow the targeted production of sustainable high-quality proteins from P. palmata.

History

Publication

Foods 12(21), 3940

Publisher

MDPI

Other Funding information

Enterprise Ireland EU COST Action O4B project

Also affiliated with

  • Health Research Institute (HRI)
  • Bernal Institute

Sustainable development goals

  • (12) Responsible Consumption and Production

Department or School

  • Biological Sciences

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