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Invited review: The anti-inflammatory properties of dairy lipids.

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-08-23, 09:12 authored by Ronan Lordan, IOANNIS ZABETAKISIOANNIS ZABETAKIS
Dairy product consumption is often associated with negative effects because of its naturally high levels of saturated fatty acids. However, recent research has shown that dairy lipids possess putative bioactivity against chronic inflammation. Inflammation triggers the onset of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, and cancer. This review discusses the anti-inflammatory properties of dairy lipids found in milk, yogurt, and cheese, and it examines them in relation to their implications for human health: their protective effects and their role in pathology. We also consider the effect of lipid profile alteration in dairy products-by using ruminant dietary strategies to enrich the milk, or by lipid fortification in the products. We critically review the in vivo, in vitro, ex vivo, and epidemiological studies associated with these dairy lipids and their role in various inflammatory conditions. Finally, we discuss some suggestions for future research in the study of bioactive lipids and dairy products, with reference to the novel field of metabolomics and epidemiological studies.

History

Publication

Journal of Dairy Science;100 (6), pp. 4197-4212

Publisher

Elsevier

Note

peer-reviewed The full text of this article will not be available on ULIR until the embargo expires on the 30/6/2018

Other Funding information

EI

Rights

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Dairy Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Dairy Science, 2017, 100 (6), pp. 4197-4212, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-12224

Language

English

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