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Movement behaviour and health outcomes in rural children: A systematic review

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-02, 07:55 authored by Douglas Vieira, Elenir Campelo Gomes, Ângelo Solano Negrão, Mabliny Thuany, Thayse GomesThayse Gomes

Background: Studies with rural children are limited, and results are divergent regarding the information on movement behaviours. Purpose: to (i) describe the physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children; (ii) synthetize the year and place of publication, methodological quality, and instruments used to measure physical activity and sedentary behaviour; and (iii) to analyse the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and health outcomes in these children. Methods: We use the databases PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, Virtual Health Library, and SciELO, considering papers published until October 2021. A total of 12,196 studies were identified, and after the exclusion of duplicate, title and abstract screening, and the full-text assessment, a total of 68 were included in the study. Results: A cross-sectional design was dominant among the studies, with sample sizes ranging from 23 to 44,631 children of both sexes. One-third of the studies were conducted in North America and Europe, and most of them used device-based measurements. Inequalities were observed regarding sex, age, economic level, race, and physical activity domains within and between the places of residence. Sociodemographic characteristics were also related to health outcomes for children living in rural and urban areas. Conclusion: It is necessary to increase the evidence on movement behaviours among children living in the countries of South America and Oceania, as well as to increase the level of evidence on the role of school for physical activity in children in rural areas, given the inconsistent findings.



International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2023 20, (3) 2514



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