University of Limerick
Browse
McMahon_2019_Perceived.pdf (818.67 kB)

Perceived social support mediates the association between attachment and cardiovascular reactivity in young adults

Download (818.67 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-11-21, 15:32 authored by Grace McMahonGrace McMahon, ANN-MARIE CREAVENANN-MARIE CREAVEN, Stephen GallagherStephen Gallagher
To understand the influence of social relationships on cardiovascular responses to stress, the present study investigated perceived affectionate support as a mediating variable explaining the association between specific attachment bonds (i.e., mother, father, partner, best friend) and cardiovascular reactivity (CVR). Utilizing a standardized stress testing protocol, 138 young adults completed measures of attachment and social support, with continuous cardiovascular measurements obtained using the Finometer Pro hemodynamic monitor. Results showed that the association between anxious and avoidant attachment and reactivity were mediated by perceived affectionate support; insecure attachment was linked to lower levels of perceived social support, which in turn was associated with lower CVR. For anxious attachment, this was noted only for mothers (SBP: B = −0.94, 95% CI [−1.94, −0.20]; DBP: B = −0.57, [−1.27, −0.10]), fathers (SBP: B = −0.72, [−1.42, −0.17]; DBP: B = −0.48, [−1.01, −0.13]), and best friends (SBP: B = −0.64, [−1.23, −0.18]; DBP: B = −0.40, [−0.81, −0.12]). For avoidant attachment, it was evident only for fathers (SBP: B = −0.70, [−1.33, −0.17]; DBP: B = −0.48, [−0.92, −0.15]) and partners (SBP: B = −0.78, [−1.64, −0.09]; DBP: B = −0.53, [−1.10, −0.11]). These findings suggest that insecure attachment is associated with lower levels of reactivity, which have been linked to negative health outcomes such as poor self‐reported health, depression, and obesity. Overall, this research expands on the support and relationship science literature by incorporating under‐researched aspects of social relationships (i.e., specific attachment styles) and focusing on the mechanisms by which they are associated with physiological stress responses.

History

Publication

Psychophysiology; 57 (3), e13496

Publisher

Wiley and Sons Ltd

Note

peer-reviewed

Rights

This is the author accepted peer reviewed version of the following article:Perceived social support mediates the association between attachment and cardiovascular reactivity in young adults, 2019 Psychophysiology which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13496 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html#terms

Language

English

Usage metrics

    University of Limerick

    Categories

    No categories selected

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC