University of Limerick
Greenwood_2023_Psychometric.pdf (1.13 MB)

Psychometric properties of the measure of achieved capabilities in homeless services

Download (1.13 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-01-30, 10:00 authored by RONNI MICHELLE GREENWOODRONNI MICHELLE GREENWOOD, Branagh O'ShaughnessyBranagh O'Shaughnessy, Rachel Manning, Maria J. Vargas-Moniz, Beatrice Sacchetto, Jose Ornelas, HOME-EU Consortium

Background Purposeful participation in personally meaningful life tasks, enjoyment of positive reciprocal relationships, and opportunities to realize one’s potential are growth-related aspects of a meaningful life that should be  considered important dimensions of recovery from homelessness. The extent to which homeless services support  individuals to achieve the capabilities they need to become who they want to be and do what they want to do is,  in turn, an important indicator of their efectiveness. In this study, we developed a measure of achieved capabilities  (MACHS) for use in homeless services settings, and assessed its construct and concurrent validity. Methods We analysed data collected from homeless services users at two time points in eight European countries to  assess the factor structure and psychometric properties of the new measure. Participants were adults engaged with  either Housing First (n=245) or treatment as usual (n=320). Results Exploratory and confrmatory factor analyses yielded a four-factor structure of the capabilities measure:  community integration, optimism, safety, and self-determination. We obtained evidence for construct validity through  observed correlations between achieved capabilities and recovery, working alliance and satisfaction with services.  Moreover, we obtained evidence of the measure’s concurrent validity from its positive association between HF and  personal recovery, which was fully mediated by achieved capabilities. Conclusions Findings demonstrate that the MACHS is a valid and reliable measure that may be used to assess the  extent to which homeless services support their clients to develop capabilities needed for growth-related recovery.  Implications for practice and future research directions are discussed. 





BMC Public Health 23, 93


Springer Nature

Department or School

  • Psychology

Usage metrics

    University of Limerick



    Ref. manager